A choice seat
Put the saddle on the withers and easy sliding movement of the pull it to the tail. Your saddle should not restrict the shoulder movement of the horse, that is not to put pressure on the shoulder.
Put a piece of round chalk mounted in the saddle. Mel can roll and stop at the deepest point of the saddle — point of balance (equilibrium).
If the saddle upturned forward (raised back), in this case, it puts pressure on the shoulders and withers of the horse. and throws the rider forward. To maintain equilibrium, the rider will be forced to bend forward the lower back, the legs also go forward.
If the saddle is littered ago (raised the front part), the back part of the saddle too much pressure on the lower back of the horse. Rider when it tipped backwards. To maintain balance, his legs will move forward and up, to avoid the backlog of housing, the shoulders will fall forward.
Correctly balanced saddle puts no pressure on the shoulders or the rump of the horse. It evenly distributes the weight of the rider. The rider has the ability to sit comfortably, evenly distributing your weight on the ischial tuberosity and not putting the extra effort to maintain their equilibrium when moving.
The gap in the shoulder area
It is important to determine the height of the clearance between the withers and the front of Luke lence. Put the saddle on the horse’s back and shove the palm of the hand vertically under the front. In the case where the slit between the horse and saddle, were three finger — then everything is fine. If the clearance is already — perhaps the saddle is large, or its pommel is not suitable for high withers. In the case when the space is greater than three fingers — most likely, a little saddle for your horse, and even if it is not down to her withers, then the movement will still cause harm to the shoulders and spine of the horse, pinching them.
The width of the space between the panels of the lence is also of great importance. The first thing you need to evaluate is the availability of space between the pads and between the saddle and the horse’s back. Place the saddle on the horse’s back. Standing at the front of the lence and looking at the horse along its back, You will be able to see under saddle flat strip light. This is a good sign. The saddle is adjusted correctly. If such a clearance is not, this means that the saddle is in a place in contact with his back. In this case, it should not be used. The fact that this small air gap allows the free functioning of the spine of the horse. And this is extremely important! The vertebrae should not be the slightest pressure, otherwise this can result in chronic disease of the animal!
At the same time the gap should not be too large, and this is possible if the saddle was tight. In this situation, the panels of the saddle will pinch the horse’s spine laterally.
In the case where the distance between the panels of the saddle is too large, on the spine will put pressure the saddle, which hang down under the weight of the rider. Thus, the optimum for the gap between the saddle and the horse is the height of 3-4 fingers (about 6-7 cm). Typically, the problematic area of narrowing is at the rear of the saddle. Therefore, it is recommended to check the clearance at the back Luke more thoroughly.
Beginners it is not easy to determine the uniformity of the fit of the saddle to the horse’s back. For this you need to put your hand under the saddle and in different places ponazhimat on the front and rear of the saddle, according to their own feelings to determine the effect of pressure. It is important to make sure that the saddle is not rocking on the horse’s back.
The uniformity of contact of the saddle with the horse’s body can also determine, after intensive work the horse. This requires that the animal is sweating under the saddle and then bassetlaw her and took the saddle blanket for mirrored in the coat the form of wet spots to determine the degree of pressure. Ideally, the form of damp patches shall repeat the shape of the shelves of the saddle. If the back is wet only in the middle or at the edges, where lay the saddle is helpful information about uneven contact, grip.
There is another way to check: put it under the saddle cloth in a large enough sheet of paper (which would have covered the entire surface occupied by the panels lence) and the nature of its “wear and tear” after a workout, consider how the saddle rests on the back of the animal.
The location of prestrung
For the comfort of the horse is not only the shape of the saddle and type of girth, but the properties of prodrug. Often all pristroy mounted in the middle seat, and much closer to its front part. As a result, when the girth is tightened, it holds only the front part of the seat, and the rear bow is relatively free. This is especially noticeable when the horse moves at a gallop: the horse, especially the back, like flaps the animal’s back, thereby causing discomfort.
Of course, most often it is not only the fastening of the girths, but in the wrong form of a saddle, the discrepancy between the curve of the back of the horse. In this situation, some advantage have those saddle brands that have an additional adjustment straps on the second prestroke and, in addition, attach it at the edge of the wing, as close to the rear bow. With this type of mounting prodrug cinch does not cause uneven pressure of the saddle on his back.
The straightness of the saddle
A saddle should not fall to the side when viewed from the front or rear. Shelf saddle should fit snugly to the horse’s back, there should not be gaps underneath. Put your hand on the saddle and wiggle left-right. From easy efforts of well-chosen saddle should not mix or shake.
The angle of the saddletree
The arc of the pommel must be perpendicular to the ground and parallel to the rear edge of the blade. In addition, the wings of the saddle should be parallel to the horse’s shoulders. If the wings are too spread out they won’t be nice to lie down and the seat is not properly locked back. Even worse, if the angle between the wings and shelves saddle is too narrow. This saddle will lead to excessive pressure and discomfort. The wings of the saddle should be parallel to the horse’s shoulders and repeat their line.
Width of the pommel
Front bow should be wide enough that the corners of the blades when driving could be a “call” under the saddle in the free space between the branches and Luke withers. If there is insufficient space, the blades of the horse will be with every step to push the saddle in the area of the pommel and it will always be back to mingle and go from side to side. The available space around the withers is especially important for horses that have a pretty wide torso at the shoulders.
I hope that the above few important points will help You choose and correctly position the saddle on the back of a horse.
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