Appaloosa can be found in almost any kind of equestrian sport. They quickly rush at the turf, show the class in the higher levels of dressage, jumping, games, rodeos, races and, of course, often used as a relaxed family pleasure horse — any role can perform versatile Appaloosa. Docile nature makes it pleasant to work in any terrain.
About the breed
Four identifiable characteristics: Chubar color, mottled skin, white sclera and striped hooves. Fans club Appaloosa recognize thirteen basic colors, sometimes changing slightly with age. Looking at the foal Appaloosa is not always easy to predict what color it will be when I grow up.
Most foals are born with light skin, then they molt and lose their baby fur, in addition to gray horses which are born dark and progressively become lighter. The highlight of the Appaloosa is the myriad of combinations of colors and shades of their suits. To describe Appaloosa colors used seven simple terms: saddle spot saddle with spots, roan, roan saddle, saddle roan with spots, and suited. Otmostki range is wider and they are difficult to include in a specific category. Mottled or partly colored skin — also one of the characteristics of Appaloosa. Skin varies from well marked pink (flesh colored or non-pigmented) with inclusions of dark areas of pigmented skin. The result is a dappled shade of pigmented and non-pigmented skin.
The sclera is the white area around the eyes, covering all of the eyeball except — painted or pigmented cornea. The sclera is available to all horses, Appaloosa but she’s white and is usually more prominent than that of the other breeds. Highly visible white sclera is one of the characteristics of the breed, often in combination with large white markings on the face.
Many Appaloosa hooves have vertical light and dark stripes. However, vertical stripes can be signs of trauma or to be an extension of white markings on the leg. From bright colored horses are also often thin stripes in the hooves. So striped hooves do not necessarily unlike the Appaloosa from other horses.
Disposition: Appaloosa horses have extraordinary endurance, strong and obedient, diligent and good-natured.
Exterior: the head with live Appaloosa large, expressive eyes; ears, like all American horses, small and sharp; neck well-fashioned; his chest broad; rounded, powerful croup with high-charge tail; the mane and tail are exceptionally silky.
Usage: Appaloosa are all types of races. Thanks to the friendly nature of the horses of this breed are extremely perfect riding horses.
Motion: Appaloosa is a typical racehorse, she has a great canter, lovely Sov. This horse is a magnificent jumpers.
The history of the breed
Homeland of the breed is the Appaloosa river area of Palos in the Northern United States. Now Appaloosa horses bred in the Western United States and Canada.
Mankind knew and appreciated spotted horses throughout its history. In the ancient caves, located on the territory of modern France, found images of spotted horses made more than 20 thousand years ago, and these drawings take place in Asian and Chinese art.
The study discovering America really needed was transport. That was done with horses. Horse breed Appaloosa — the merit of the Indians the nez Perce lived in the Northwest of the current United States
The Indian tribe nez Perce in Washington, Oregon and Idaho became especially sophisticated breeders, and their saddle horses, among which were many Chubar instances, were highly appreciated and were the envy of other tribes. Historians claim that nez Perce was the first tribe, purposefully pinning the horses characteristics — playfulness and ingenuity — they selected the best, and less suitable traded or sold.
The nez Perce wanted to bring the strongest, most spirited and most reliable in the mountains a horse. The influx of white settlers to the North-West of the country changed the fate of the nez-Perce and nearly destroyed the legacy of their horse-breeding achievements.
The name of the breed Appaloosa originated from the name of the river Palos flowing through the territory of Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho, or from the tribe of Palos, whose main settlement was on the banks of the river Palouse. When white settlers came to the North–West region of Palos, they are called flea-bitten horses “horse Palooza” (eng.: “a Palouse horses”). Over time, this name was shortened to known to us now of the word “Appaloosa”. This name was formally adopted in 1938.
During the war with the tribe of nez Perce in the late nineteenth century Appaloosa horses helped the Indians to avoid battles and elude the US cavalry for several months. In 1877 the tribe was fleeing from the U.S. cavalry, more than 1,300 miles under the leadership of the famous chief Joseph.
After defeating this tribe in Montana, the army confiscated many of their horses, including Appaloosa. Many of the surviving horses belonging to the tribe were thrown or scattered among the settlers. The superior performance of these original horses were then lost or very weakened indiscriminate crossbreeding.
To preserve the Appaloosa did not take place until 1938, while Claude Thompson, a farmer from Moro (Oregon), not organized fans club Appaloosa, who was involved in the maintenance and restoration of the position of the Appaloosa horse in the world.
Today, the international register of the breed along with the Appaloosa Museum and heritage Center is located in Moscow. Unfortunately for us, Moscow is not the capital of Russia, and the eponymous town in Idaho.
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