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dyspnea On

About suffocation

Views: 78476

Choking is a dramatic narrowing of the esophagus caused by esophageal obstruction by food or foreign body. This malfunction of the esophagus is not very common, but unfortunately, it has a chronic relapsing form.

When the choking horse requires professional help not only to remove the tube in the esophagus, but also to assess the extent of damage the esophageal foreign body. Examining a horse specialist also need to make sure that foreign bodies do not enter the lungs.

Cause blockage of the esophagus and as a result, dyspnea may be the usual food of the horse, however, this requires the combination of several conditions.

The most common symptoms of asthma include:

  • difficulty swallowing the animal;
  • frequent attempts to swallow food, ending with his falling out from the horse’s mouth;
  • a common sign of illness;
  • some unusual salivation;
  • in prolonged cases of suffocation of the horse, there is access to some amount of saliva and food through the nostrils;
  • visible outside the bulge in the throat, svidetelstvuet about the presence of the stuck foreign body.



Measures to combat choking the horse

  • At the first sign of choking call the veterinarian. Keep in mind that when you choking horse may be required is available only at the vet tranquilizers or even gastric tube.
  • Before the arrival of the vet and it do everything possible to calm the horse. Excessive excitability here could end badly.
  • With a small choking give your pet a soft, moist food and a tuft of grass. The fact that during suffocation horses need to eat something that would help to reduce digestive disorders and to support the flow of saliva. According to researches, the saliva contains substances that rejuvenate the damaged tissue of the esophagus and oral cavity.



Prevention. How to avoid choking the horse

  • Regularly check the condition of the teeth of the animal. In poor condition, the horse will try to swallow food without chewing. As a result, large pieces can get stuck in the throat, causing suffocation.
  • Feed the horse better solid ration with chopped straw to slow consumption and encourage chewing.
  • Feed your horse mainly off of the floor. This is the most natural and physiological for horses.
  • If you use a pre soak the feed before feeding the horses, make sure that the food is really soaked.
  • Follow your own inner peace and remove all irritants (foreign entities, other animals) that cause the horse is in a hurry. Let horses eat in peace. If your horse is too excitable, it is best to put the feeder near the door. It’s supposed to calm her down.
  • If your horse, despite all the measures taken, gulping down food, not chewing it, then you should feed the horse only soaked food. This will reduce the risk of blockage of the pharynx.



Remember that food is swallowed, a prior ground, not crushed by the teeth of the horse and not sufficiently moistened with saliva, can easily become a choking hazard. Only in rare cases, the cause of suffocation is called the innate structure of the esophagus a particular horse.


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The latest materials of this section:

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horse breed: the don

Horse breed don horse

Views: 55164

Horses of the don breed is quite strong and durable, therefore used not only for riding but also for movement in a horse and cart.

Don

The don breed of horses (dons) classified verhove-harness (or combined) species, which, in turn, belong to the class of saddle rocks.

Don is one of the oldest Russian plant breeds. For equestrian breeding for significance, it is not inferior to the Orlov Trotter. But if Orlov Trotter was bred in a fairly short period of time and based almost exclusively imported, the import material, the Donskoy breed is present deep Russian roots, and perfected it for centuries! Not immediately dons from the ordinary to the steppe horses became a serious beauty, a real decoration of the Russian cavalry.

A bit of history

In the eighteenth century the don Cossacks have decided to improve their horses. The improvement was due to PERELIVANIJA blood first Persian, Turkish, Turkmen, Karabakh, and then Orlovo-rastopchina, Musketeers, thoroughbred stallions.

Modern don horses are notable for their strong Constitution. They are unpretentious in feeding and maintenance, very hardy. They have a wide body with a powerful, compact body, small head, strong limbs. Later the don horses were crossed with stallions of Russian riding breed (Orlov-Rostopchin and the Streltsy), as well as the English thoroughbred breed. All these procedures were completed in the early XX century, and since then the dons have not experienced the influence of foreign blood.

The don horse breed

It should be noted that a significant qualitative improvement of the don horses has occurred in the conditions of herd keeping. Rigorous selection of the fortress of the Constitution and working abilities required to drill the Cossack horses, don has made the breed one of the best cavalry horses. In the Soviet period, the horses of the don breed was greatly enlarged, increased their agility in the race.

Like most other Russian horse breeds, the don breed is traditionally kept in herds, rassredotochit on the boundless steppes. Therefore, this breed is fairly hardened and capable of surviving with minimal human involvement. She is responsible for the initial tasks of the cavalry horses, and these days used as a conventional riding.

In the process of selection of the don horses is divided into four intrabreed type.

  • Persian type (he later called the East). This type was formed in the Donskoy breed under the influence of the Karabakh, the Persian and Turkish horses (that is horses of the southern and South-Eastern origin). Thanks to these crosses of the don breed have become a Golden shade of hair. The Eastern type of the dons has a growth of about 163 cm at the withers, and even higher. Thorax well developed, the head has an elongated shape with a narrow snoring and delicate nostrils; the eyes large and expressive. This type Donskoy breed is particularly valued non-recurring more than in any other breed light-Golden color. Skin thickness is small, the fur soft and silky. The mane and tail are wavy, with a small coat.
  • East-Karabakh type. Growth horses of this type are slightly lower than the East — from 159 see Expressive exterior feature is a black mane and tail.
  • East massive type. This type Donskoy breed combines quality Oriental type with size and massiveness. Horse of the East heavy is quite high: 165 -170 cm at the withers. Bust — from 197 see
  • Horse type. Horses of this type have a light head, long neck, long neck, pronounced withers, relatively long and oblique shoulder. The Golden color of wool of this type is rarer than the rest.

Suit horses of the don breed is most often caught red, with a Golden hue, rarely brown.

In its further development of the don horses are involved in breeding budennovskaya breed. In the current period, along with their own thoroughbred breeding Donskaya breed is used as a improve for some native species (for example, Kyrgyz, Kazakh breed).

The magazine used the article of Fey Queen of magazine “Gold Mustang” (St., 2012)

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horse breed: horse trakenenskaya

Horse breed: horse trakenenskaya

Views: 51980

Trakenenskaya breed of horses was developed in XVIII century in Germany (East Prussia) at stud, founded by the king of Prussia Wilhelm I. During injection was used the Arab and thoroughbred horse breed horses.

Trakenenskaya breed. Photo from wikipedia.org

Almost three centuries ago to replenish the Prussian army cavalry horse stud farm Trakenen, located in East Prussia, began to interbreed with local wild mares (referred to as shikami) with stallions of Eastern blood (Arab, Berber, Turkish and even Spanish). A little later, the crossing was continued with English thoroughbred stallions. From the very beginning displayed on Trakenenskaya plant species has established itself with a good hand in the classic equestrian sports: show jumping, dressage and eventing. The horse became famous all over Europe. Since the 1850s years Trakehner stallions of the breed began to experience in flat racing, which are then replaced by stipl Chezy and pretentious hunting. The Mare was tested for agricultural and transport operations. It was obtained a large, massive horse, which received its name on behalf of the Prussian factory — Trakenen.

Exterior features

Trakenenskaya horse

Back trakeena strong and, at the same time, flexible. And trained legs — lovely sight!

Trakenenskaya horses grow to different sizes. The height at the withers varies from individual to individual and ranges from 160 to 175 cm

Trakenenskaya horses are characterized by a wide step and trot. Also trakeena inherent in a powerful gallop, because these horses are often used in sports.

The most common suit tractinsky horses: brown, Bay, black and reddish, more rarely gray. The other colors in the Trakehner breed.

The twentieth century badly treated Tractinsky plant. During the First world war, the factory was damaged considerably. Later, during the Second world war, the Germans tractinsky 1200 horses have been specifically dispersed through Europe, only that they have not got inexorably advancing troops of the Soviet army.

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Harmful habits in horses

Bad habits of the horse

Views: 79871

What do you feel you have a matter of people biting their nails? I am sure that is not very pleasant. Did you know that horses too have their own bad habits? Some habits are considered to be congenital, but most is still purchased due to the wrong economic activities of their owner. Let’s look at are the horse’s vices.

Here are the main, most often seen in horses of bad habits.

Writhing horses and smashing a hoof

In horses, a long time standing in the stall, can form a stable Vice in which the animals hoof beat floors, walls, the stable door — that is all what they can reach, and that somehow may have missed the horse. Of course, that such a stall Vice is detrimental both to the owner of the stables and the horse.

How to fix the flaw: such a horse is worth more than a walk in the paddock.

Gnawing blankets

The other Vice — gnawing blankets. The horse may chew the blanket from excitement, maybe from boredom from wearing the same blanket.

How to fix the flaw: attach a piece of fabric to the halter.

Attack

There is such a Vice, when a horse is in mild irritation, if something did not like, trying to bite or kick, standing nearby. And it may be as a person, as his kinsman. The source of this habit lies in the long-term assumption that the owner of the horse.

How to fix the flaw: as soon as possible to endeavour to punish such actions, and “peace enforcement”.

Nervousness of the horse

Some horses experience severe nervousness. They are afraid of any sudden strange movement nearby.

How to fix the flaw: to treat a horse very carefully, with deep respect, care, kindness. Timidity must pass.

Molestation

Some breeders include molestation — the desire to annoy the other horses too to the list of undesirable habits. At least a horse and a herd animal at the genetic level are accustomed to live among their own kind, but unnecessary molestation still prevents to live, work and relax with the other horses. Because this defect is also worth fighting for.

The digging of the earth

Sometimes a horse suffers such an interesting Vice, like digging a front hoof. This is usually a symptom of impatience horses to any process.

Stubbornness

If the horse gets “a candle”, kicking and refuses to work, then this may be just a sign of stubbornness. However, do not rush to grab the whip, in some cases, in the same way a horse shows that with her health or ammunition is not all right. before work better to be safe and check the status of equipment and horses.

How to fix the flaw: typically the classic method of “carrot and stick”.

On stall vices you can read our article How to deal with bad habits of horses and Bear pitching and go — stable vices of horses.

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horse walkers for horses

Horse walkers for horse

Views: 79110

Horse walkers are devices for horse training. With the help of them you can stretch your horse before work and safely cool after. Horse walkers are also used for rehabilitation, recovery of horses after exercise or injury.

Guide rail — an effective tool to warm up before working out and cooling off after such horses. If you search well at the market you can find a lot of high-end models of the horse walkers.

Horse walkers are quite popular. In Europe they can be found in many equestrian sports complexes, race tracks, the stud farms, some horse farms.

Some skeptical critics think of the horse walkers boring, monotonous and even tedious. However, it is in the horse walkers horse you can drive with any speed as much time as it takes. And it is necessary for otchayaniya and designed guide rail!

The safety of the walkers

The use of walkers safe enough. However, you should always carefully monitor the device when placed in your horse. Pay special attention to the coverage. Coating walkers in all weather conditions should remain strong. When wet, the coating should not slide. Additionally, the coating must be Besobrasova. In case of contamination You should be able to easily wash it.

The materials used for horse walkers

As components for classic walkers used a steel structure, rubber matting, materials based on silicone veselinov, cement to litter on the tracks used sand and wood chips.

Recently, the market entered the water horse walkers. There design track different from the classic. The main difference is the part for the passage of horses partially filled with water, it turns a kind of pool for horses. The water in the pool creates an additional burden for vysalivaniya horse. Horses do not swim, but step forward in water, freely move inside the pool of water and can arbitrarily change the direction of movement. Sometimes horse walkers are supplied computerized, then using the computer can be programmed rhythm of the step, direction and duration of movement.

Although the guide rail, even in the opinion of the European colleagues-the horse owners are very expensive (say, about 15 thousand euros — nearly 600 thousand rubles), they should not be the only means to warm up and cooling your horse.

The latest materials of this section:

  • Again about laminitis
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  • Lean horse
  • Prenatal condition of the Mare
  • Rotaviruses in foals

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Dwarf horse breed: falabella

Dwarf horse breed: falabella

Views: 45555

Falabella is a low breed of horses. She was named the rock in honor of a farmer from Argentina, who in the late XIX century started to breed these fun horses. This breed is often confused with a pony. They are distinguished primarily small growth. The average height at the shoulder is 86 cm, and Weight is from 20 to 65 kg. This is the size and weight of the dog!

Карликовая верховая порода: фалабелла Photo: Captain E H Eckholdt — Susan Eckholdt — www.falabellahorses.com



Body type and suit

Pet shop

Best-in

Unlike pony horse breed falabella composed in proportion like a normal horse. Falabella have very thin legs and small hooves. Falabella externally visually similar to Goncharov and Arabian horses. Still, in view of the low growth to ride almost does not work — the legs will be dragging on the ground. And the strength and endurance not the same as the adult counterparts. Only the strongest specimens can survive child. Falabella can only pull a small wagon with children or one adult rider.

The history of the origin of the breed

There are several versions of the origin of the breed Falabella. The most plausible says that once upon a time in the territory of modern Argentina, a herd of horses (presumably Andalusian blood) during the migration accidentally fell into the deep canyon. But it so happened that a landslide blocked the exit from the canyon, trapping it all horses. Mineral substances necessary for growth of animals in the proper quantities in the canyon were missing, and the horses had to be fed purely cactus. With each generation of horses was becoming lower, until the new size is not rooted in their genetics.

These undersized horses have found a farmer Falabella. All the animals were caught and lifted out of the canyon with the help of winches. In spite of abundant feed, the descendants of the surviving horses kept their short stature.

The nature of horses

Falabella is well trained, both males and females good-natured and friendly towards humans. Horse falabella — excellent jumping horse, overcoming various obstacles. Falabella love to ride on rough terrain.

Breeding horses

The exterior of the foal falabella depends on the physique of the parents, so to acheive a miniature horse it is better to use graceful mares. Initially the period of pregnancy of the mares of this breed was a year and one month, but gradually it began to decline. Growth at birth is approximately 40 cm Foals falabella for the first year of life reaches 90% of the increase, and grow to your full height to three years of life.

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Difficulties in the fight against parasites

Difficulties in the fight against parasites

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As a rule, all self-respecting horse owners spend fighting parasites of the intestine of their Pets. But to fight and win it, is not the same thing.

The horse owner is seriously surprised when he finds out that, despite courses of treatment from parasites, his horse still impressed them. Reasons for this may be several.

Like all microorganisms, worms can get used to used against them degelmintizatsiya tool, especially when the dose is not too high. In this case, ask for help in selecting a new media to your vet.

Infected horses easily re-infect recently treated. So try together with their neighbours to treat their animals at the same time.

To objectively assess the weight of your horse. If you underestimate, you just get the insufficient number of parasites, leading to their imminent re-distribution.

Use the tools typical de-worming for specific parasites. It is not necessary to treat your horse the same remedy against all worms. Panacea does not happen.

It should be borne in mind that drugs can’t destroy at once all the parasites and their larvae. Maybe after some time you will have to repeat the course, starting with an analysis of feces and blood of horses.

So in the end will give a small warning: during treatment of parasites, make sure that your horse immediately and completely ate it issued a cure. Unfortunately, there have been cases of poisoning of dogs and cats living in the stables, open de-worming drugs. Also keep in mind that these drugs usually lose their properties, while in the feed for horses.

I hope that with this article we were able to reduce the hassle for the protection of the health of your pet.

The latest materials of this section:

  • Again about laminitis
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  • Lean horse
  • Prenatal condition of the Mare
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dental Care

Dental care

Views: 79922

To ensure that your horse was healthy in all respects, it is necessary to monitor the condition of her teeth. Horse dentists recommend doing this every 6-12 months. The period decreases with the age of the horse, that is, the older the horse, the more attention the state of her teeth you should pay.


The types of teeth

The horse there are three types of teeth:

  • The incisors (front teeth). The teeth of the horse are used for prehension and cutting of grass and capture food.
  • Fangs. This type of teeth found in adult stallions and some mares. The canines are not involved in the chewing of food. This type of teeth located between the incisors and the molars.
  • The molars (cheek teeth). These teeth horses chew their food.

If you are not able to follow your horse’s teeth, you should seek help or a more experienced breeder, or (what we recommend) to highly qualified dentist specializing in horses.

You should remember that horses, unlike human teeth grow whole life, even in old age. Special attention should be given to the teeth of the horse in cases where you are fed food from the hanging repthe or high feeders. In this case, the horse eats with his head. As in nature horses eat, head down to the ground, the feeding of raduha and high feeders is not natural. As a result, the jaws grind food differently, which leads to the formation of sharp edges and uneven abrasion of the teeth. Sharp edges you can remove with a file. Though the procedure is not pleasant, but cut and bite the gums and cheeks of the horse, we are sure, also you do not like. In addition, a horse with bad teeth will not be able to pereseyat food that will cause poor digestibility of the feed, which in turn will increase the fatigue of the horse under load.

Signs of discomfort caused by problematic teeth

With due attention to the horse very soon you will be able to identify the dangerous signs of trouble teeth. But first note the following characteristic problematic features:

  • Incontinence poop in your mouth, sloppiness when eating, when food often falls out of his mouth.
  • Overly slow food or, in special cases, even the possibility of full refusal of food.
  • The horse shakes its head more than usual.
  • Horse chewing or nibbling at the bit.
  • The horse is very tense back, she stands on his hind legs or showing other signs of disobedience.

For a complete, qualitative survey of the mouth of your horse, contact your dentist-the vet. His task in this situation — carefully examine the horse’s mouth. In some cases it is possible to use special assistive device roerichites. A particularly hectic horses for the convenience of the dentist during the examination it is customary to give a sedative.

We wish you and your horse calm and healthy!

The latest materials of this section:

  • Again about laminitis
  • Again about the care of hooves
  • Lean horse
  • Prenatal condition of the Mare
  • Rotaviruses in foals

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Who Klepper

Who Klepper

Views: 35111

When ordinary horse future horse owner seems to be too high, and pony low (especially if he is Shetland), you should look to the Klepper. The Klepper called a cross between a Shetland pony and normal, classic horse. Usually used for crossing the Altai and Bashkir Mare, although sometimes undertake and trotters.

Klepper with rider

Klepper received his character and the exterior of the horse from the mother and from the father-a pony he got a small increase, simplicity in content, thick winter coat and is very durable hooves. It is known that Shetland ponies, being essentially a small mountain horses have a solid hoof horn that don’t even require shoeing.

Initially, the term “clapper” refers to the horses of small stature (140 cm at the withers). Klepper was characterized by a coarse physique, stamina and a good trot. Larger horses were called “popperklopper” — that is, one who is twice the Klepper. Over time, the name “clapper” is entrenched not only for any belkarolin the rysachok, but for a cross between horse with a pony. Although the Estonian Klepper as a breed still exists, but the word “clapper” has already become a household word and is now used to denote a small horse, descended from a pony and a horse.

An adult with an average height of 180 cm will, of course, uncomfortable to ride on the Klepper, but most of the animals are hardy enough for that. Klepper universal: if uncomfortable to ride, the summer it can be harnessed into the cart, and in winter, respectively, in the sled. The Klepper as a pony, you can keep in a private home — not only for personal pleasure, but to assist in the household: a cart with firewood (or a refrigerator from the store) to bring the vegetable garden to plow. Besides, usually Klepper at purchase cost less the present Shetland. Although the feed will of course need more, but not much. The content of slippery as unpretentious as a pony.

As to the health of Klepper, the breeders think “iron” because clapper is essentially a hybrid between the breeds, and they always have is “heterosis” — “significant enhancement of all functions of life and increase life expectancy”. Want a loyal friend for life — look to the Klepper.

The latest materials of this section:

  • Pony
  • Who Klepper
  • The Constitution types of horses
  • Hooves and not only…
  • The exterior of the horse

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Comments

Tatiana / 2014-01-27 00-37-42
Where such a common misconception? Klepper – a separate breed of local Estonian horses.

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CA%EB%E5%EF%EF%E5%F07379

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upstairs

Practical tips for putting blankets on your horse

Practical tips for putting blankets on your horse

Views: 72970

The blanket and her dressing — not the most difficult thing is to care for the horse. However, there are some nuances.

The blanket — to protect your horse

Putting on the blanket first, make sure that it is the right size for your horse. The clothes horse in the blanket of small size will lead to the shackling of movements. A larger blanket will hang back or hang on the belly.

How to determine what the blanket is suitable? Indeed, it should be quite Kulbokas to securely cover the belly, and the hock and elbow joints of the animal. The blanket also needs to be long enough to close repica of the tail and buttocks of your horse. The perfect blanket sits comfortably on the shoulders, withers and ribs of the horse, well adhering to them.

Also note how the blanket is adjacent to the neck of the horse. Do not loose or not too tight? Loose the blanket at the neck may slip back and RUB the withers of the horse. Hanging out blankets there is a chance of hitting the horse’s legs in the opening for the neck (this is possible when the animal from the supine position moves to the worthwhile — it puts your foot very close under him, easily hooking the dangling blanket) that can bring to the fabric of the blanket, or injury to the horse.

On the contrary, too close popna compresses the trachea of the horse, which causes breathing problems. This is especially dangerous when reinforced by physical exertion in a harness or while running. Therefore, under the blanket sometimes enclose a special wool lining. Sometimes even the blanket is sewn lambskin lining at the neck of the horse.

Care blanket

Since the blanket is regularly in contact with the hair of the horse and absorbs secreted by the skin sweat, therefore prepare to that the extent of contamination, the blanket will be cleaned. Otherwise, she will become a source of oprelostej and rubs on the skin of your horse.

The technique of dressing blankets

  • Before putting blankets on your horse, fold the blanket in half so that the wrong part of the blanket looked out.
  • Let the horse trusts you. Gently talking to the horse, approach it with your left hand and carefully put a prior folded the blanket on the horse’s back. The front edge of the blanket should be at the withers of the animal.
  • Now you can spread out a blanket full-length on the horse’s back. After that, pull a bit of cloth blankets back. Buckle the straps blankets under the belly of the horse. Remember that the compulsion blankets horses ahead is fraught, because it should be avoided.
  • Very carefully going back to horses (she was not afraid and not passed back legs or run away from you), back straps fasten horse blankets.

So.

The latest materials of this section:

  • The choice of saddle blanket
  • The endurance horse
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  • Bridle Cook

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