The color of a flea can vary from pale yellow to dark brown. It is known that males of these blood-sucking size smaller than females. Fleas lay small, barely visible on eye white of the egg. From the eggs hatch into white legless worm-like larva, the body of which is covered with long bristles. The larvae feed on the feces of adult fleas, which contain a lot of blood, or decaying organic residues. Okuklivanie, larva dresses putinovy cocoon; the pupa is stationary and has the General shape of the body of adult fleas.
As measures of dealing with fleas indoors usually indicate the following:
the contents of the boxes clean;
if the floor is solid with horses, that washing of floors 2-5 percent carbolic soap-solution;
rubbing of the corners of the floor with kerosene;
smearing the cracks of the floor;
spraying pyrethrum or another insecticide;
too rapid a change of litter.
Preventive deter fleas use the essential oil — repellent, for example, oil of wormwood.
For dealing with fleas in the animals used different insecticidal preparations, in particular shampoos containing permethrin.
If you go to a veterinary pharmacy for advice on how to deal with fleas have horses, You likely advise two means: the Dutch Butox 50 and Russian Ivermec. Consider both drugs.
Pharmacological properties Butoxy 50 the following:
Botox 50 has a broad spectrum of insecto-acaricidal activity against Ixodes, scabies, chicken, kosharnik ticks, flies, midges, bed bugs and other ectoparasites of animals. Enrolling in the body of arthropods deltamethrin contact or enteral accumulated in the ganglia of peripheral nerves and inhibits their activity. Violate the coordination of movements of the agent, then causing his paralysis, lethargy and death. The drug is moderately toxic to warm-blooded animals, in recommended doses and concentrations, has no local irritating and allergenic action. Effective against ectoparasites that are resistant to phosphorus and organochlorine compounds. Toxic to fish and bees.
Botox 50 use only for external treatment of animals and premises in order against ectoparasites of animals. The use of the drug is reduced to the dilution of the contents of the ampoules of 1 ml in three liters of water and applied to the coat of horses in places where fleas. For ease of use can dissolve the vial in a technical bucket or basin, and then by wetting a conventional broom to gently spray the coat of the horse. If there is no broom, you can use pulverization. If You find fleas almost the whole skin of the horse, it is recommended to spray the coat of the horse in the following sequence: first the ear, then head, body, tail, area around the anus and in the end — feet. With special care you need to spray the most affected, in Your opinion, place. After the treatment it is not necessary to wash off the drug. If You need treatment on the street, it is not recommended to spray the horse against the wind.
Repeated treatment is carried out 7-10 days. Before using the drug animal do not wash three days before treatment and for three days after treatment. For the destruction of fleas emerging from primary processing, it is recommended to repeat the processing of the wool of an infected animal, three months after the start of treatment.
Another drug Ivermec. It is injected with a syringe subcutaneously (in the neck) or intramuscularly. Inject 1% solution in 1 ml contains as active substance 10 mg of ivermectin, an auxiliary component — vitamin E (40 mg).
Pharmacological action of Ivermek
Ivermec has a broad spectrum antiparasitic action, causes the death of the gastro-intestinal and pulmonary nematodes, lice, ticks and scabies mites, larvae of subcutaneous and nasopharyngeal bot fly, flesh flies. The drug disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses in parasites, leading to paralysis and death. The pharmacokinetics of the drug is characterized by a rapid distribution in the body and long-lasting removal, which provides permanent parasiticide action for 10-14 days. The drug belongs to toxic to warm-blooded animals the compounds (Lzo for white rats after oral administration of 50 mg/kg). In therapeutic doses has no embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic effects. Ivermec toxic to fish and bees.
The use of the drug is reduced to his introduction subcutaneously at the rate of 1 ml per 50 kg bodyweight of the horse. If you want to enter more than 10 ml (when the animal’s body weight over 500 kg), the injection should be carried out in different places. If necessary, the drug entered the horses again 10 days after the first injection.
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