Lagoapraia breed: Russian Trotter
In the history of the Russian trotters, there are two important historical periods: from 1890 to 1917 (the October revolution) and the period of the Soviet equestrian Zavodska when and took basic formation of the breed.
In the 90-ies of the XIX century began the crossing of Orlov trotting mares imported in those days American stallions. The American Trotter is different from Orlovsky with a little more playfulness, but really and significantly smaller body size, more dry, long limbs without brushes. These qualities are inherited and the Russian Trotter. The objectives of the crossing was at first getting frisky Hippodrome horses that have participated in racing at the track, was able to bring the horse owners income. In those days, in the Imperial Russia, the demand for high-spirited trotting sport horse steadily increased. Operation of the tote at racecourses has led to substantial increases of the amounts drawn at the prizes that spurred the horse owners new to breeding work.
The main method of cultivation was industrial crossbreeding to produce hybrids of the first-second generation and absorption of blood Friesian American. Very often interbreeding with American stallions were the best on the exterior of the uterus Oryol annually by the ability to frisky lynx and its transmission by inheritance. As a result of unilateral pursuit of spirited qualities in Orlovo-American hybrids deteriorated draught form and solidity, decreased harmonic, typical of Orlov Trotter, spread exterior defects. The value of these horses as improvers of mass horse-breeding fell.
Much of the best Russian trotting horse plants using American stallions and then crossed, switched to Matsalu. From the United States and also imported the American trotting Mare. In those pre-revolutionary times had the task of developing a new breed of trotters, and practiced the breeding of hybrids “in itself” pursued a single goal — getting stallions to use on the run.
Orlovo-American matizatsiya in the trotting horse breeding so rapidly that there is a threat to the existence of all of the Oryol breed. In 1910, this issue was widely discussed at a national Congress for horse breeding, where Professor P. N. Kuleshov and some others opposed meditatii.
Completely independent of the horse breeding causes the import to Russia of American trotters were stopped with the outbreak of the first world war (1914). After the achievements of the October revolution it was decided to stop importing American stallions.
The second all-Russian conference on animal production, held in 1926, it was deemed necessary to use a cash Fund of crosses for the breeding program. The main method has become the breeding “in itself” hybrids of the desired type with the use of return crossed with Orlov stallions mares part, which largely deviated to the side of shortness, of oblegchenno and mednarodnemu. Recruitment and selection of horses was conducted on the assessment of agility and conformation. As a result of more than a half-century of work was the creation of a new Trotter breed — Russian Trotter.
Russian Trotter breed is perhaps the youngest of the four trotting breeds in the world. It was officially registered and approved after the Second world war — in 1949.
Feature of the exterior of the Russian Trotter
Rysskoy Trotter was conceived with a proper, balanced physique, but today he may have a rather different exterior. Usually Russian Trotter is dry the horse with a long back, sloping, dry neck is of medium length, dry, strong limbs, and which are proportionally slightly shorter than the back.
The height at the withers of the Russian Trotter breed is 154 to 165 see the Average measurements of stallions are: height at the withers of about 162 cm, oblique body length, too, is about 162 cm, chest girth is 184 cm, girth of pastern — 20 cm
The suit of the Russian Trotter is usually red or Bay, frequently encountering a dark Bay, rarely grey, brown, black. The other colors in the breed was not observed.
Russian trotters were bred to participate in Ippodromskaya trotting races.
Reached records of the Russian Trotter breed for speed at the distances are:
— at a distance of 1.6 km: 2 minutes.
— at a distance of 2.4 km: 3 minutes 5 seconds.
Due to its performance and sporting qualities of the Russian Trotter were widespread on the territory of the former Soviet Union and even abroad.
As the Russian Trotter — and even valuable breeding horse, she is well used to improve local harness breeds of horses in the Central regions of the country.
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