The local breed of horses: the Karachai horse
Description Karachai breed
|The Karachai horse|
The Karachai breed horses is inherent in the basic characteristics of all native breeds: they are undemanding and undemanding to the conditions of residence. Karachai horses are surprisingly usable are of the highest coordination, a strong Constitution, resistance to disease, endurance, extremely loyal to his master. Breeders, in turn, believe these horses are quite smart and savvy.
Karachai horses are capable of doing long passages in the rocks and terrain, in the bitter cold or heat. Strong hoof horn Karachai sometimes does not wear out even where not withstand the steel of a horseshoe. None of the existing species will not be able to be equal in the mountains of Karachai horses. Because this breed has always been highly valued in the district.
The Karachai horse of the old type was medium-sized, dry, very mobile and hardy. Karachai was well adapted to the harsh conditions of herd keeping and exploitation in mountain conditions. Movement on the hard ground demanded from her good guidance, care and attention, balance and courage on the mountain trails, ability to easily overcome steep climbs and descents, high strength the hoof horn.
With the further development of the breed performance horses has increased, they have become bigger without losing the above valuable qualities. They have a dry and strong Constitution, an elongated body, squat body type. They are characterized by a head with a hooked nose, long mobile ears. The neck is of medium length, straight, sometimes Kadykova, the withers are low, but long, back short, firm, level back. Svislye croup, muscular, shoulder blade is of medium length and slope, the chest is broad and deep. Forequarters correct structure, unlike the back, which are often a saber. By the way, saber rear legs of the horse is typical of many mountain species and physical disability are not considered. Rather, it is the result of adaptation of horses to work in the highlands. All the Constitution of horses is very dry, they are dry and strong limbs with clearly defined tendons, and ligaments, very strong hooves.
There are three inbreeding types: typical, massive and horse. Representatives of a distinctive type is today most common, they are close to the standard of the breed. This horse verhove-sled warehouse used for work under saddle and in harness. Measurements (mares) height — 150 cm, body length — 156 cm, chest girth — 183 cm, girth of pastern — 19 see
To raised bog type are mainly horses that have a small new bloods of the thoroughbred riding breed (usually in the range of 1/8). They are more tall, dry, somewhat lightweight. Horse riding the type of highly sought after as crew, successfully used in tourism, can be prepared for competitions by classical kinds of equestrian sports, mainly show jumping.
The horse of massive type are characterized by low growth, shirokolistyh, they are more stretched and bony. They are mainly used to transport works in a harness, at least under the saddle or under shepherds vyuka. These horses keep good body condition in all seasons of the year, they are the most unpretentious. Karachai horses are heavy excellent grazing and tubenut at high altitude conditions, where other breeds and types of farm animals are unable to exercise their inherent productivity. In order to obtain cheap horse meat a number of farms located in the highlands (more than 2.5 thousand meters above sea level), complement their herds mainly mares are heavy.
The horses of this breed are characterized by high fertility, despite the absence of feeding and herd maintenance in the mountains, exit foals is 90% and above. Many stallions and mares are used for breeding in the herd up to 22-25 years or more.
A distinctive feature is the suit are basically he has Bay, dark Bay, black horses with no or little markings. Sometimes among the Karachai is found gray suit.
Based on the book Kozhevnikova E. V., Gurevich D. J. “the Domestic horse: history, modernity, and problems”. — M.: Agropromizdat, 1990.
Than the Karachai horse differs from Kabardian?
Without a doubt, these two breeds, the similarity in the exterior there. Probably because in the years of the great Patriotic war Karachai breed related to Kabardian breed
horses, and in 2-4 volumes of the State breeding book of the Karachai horse has already signed up as Kabardian.
In the eighties of the twentieth century, the discriminatory decision of reckoning Karachai horses for Kabardian was abolished, and the breed once again received the status of independent, entering a separate section in the 5th volume of the State stud book.
The latest materials of this section:
- The Kazakh breed of horses
- The local breed of horses: the Karachai horse
- The local horse breed: Bashkir horse
- Local horse breeds: Yakut horse
- The local breed of horses: Priobskaya horse
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Yandex.Dictionary ” Brockhaus and Efron, 1907-1909
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