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the sensory Organs of the horse

The senses of the horse

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The horse world helped her to focus her senses. It is sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch.

Vision

Vision of the horse

Horse vision is different from human vision in the first place because of the location of the eyes on the head. As eyes are set widely on the sides of the skull, not the front face, as in humans, the horse sees everything that is on either side of it. But at the same time picture of the surrounding world is obtained, for the most part three-dimensional and two-dimensional. Only the front, where the scope of both the horse’s eyes are crossed, the picture in the stereoscopic image. Therefore, to obtain clear, three-dimensional pictures she needs to rotate the head towards the object of study. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the horse cannot see what is behind it.

Visual acuity of the horse is small. Even in good weather, she can’t see further of several hundred meters. If you are interested in something out of sight, it uses its other senses-primarily hearing (sound ears) and smell (the smells, the nose).

Horses are able to distinguish colors. It is believed that they can see red, green and blue. More difficult is the case with yellow. Perhaps that is why Ragwort James (with yellow flower) is considered dangerous and toxic to animal plant.

Hearing

If impaired, the horse is second person, the hearing — not at all! The ears of an animal having the form of shells, located very effectively — from the top of the head, and, moreover, can be very flexible to rotate. This ability of horses provides her a wonderful catching sounds from the surrounding space. Sounds for horses is especially important for orientation in the dark.

If the horse raised his head, strained his neck and “instructs” the auricle in space, rotating them slightly, that means she heard something new, kinda interesting.

The sense of smell

Sniffing horses — social action

Connoisseurs are well aware that horses — excellent “sniffer dogs”. Horses have a highly developed sense of smell. This allows them to distinguish between the different smells in the pasture, highlighting the most delicious grass. Also the sense of smell to determine the presence nearby of other animals.

If the horse smells the unfamiliar, she “leads by the nose” in the air, sometimes additional occasionally lifting the upper lip.

The smell of the horse also determines the quality of the water at the watering hole. If the water is not clean enough, the horse would not drink it.

The sense of smell also plays a social role in the herd. If you enter a group of horses new, unfamiliar horse, the rookie first sniff. The same thing will do it. Smell — a unique identifier for the horses. It horses identify each other among other animals.

Taste

Having tried the plant, the taste, the horse remembers it. For this it will continue to focus on the pasture.

Taste horses can distinguish not only the whole plant, but parts of them. For example, poisonous plants can be quite edible leaves.

Like people, horses have their culinary preferences based on the taste of a plant.

Touch

The horse is able to respond to mellensee touch to their hair. It tells about the development of the sense of touch. For example, if the horse’s back on a hot day gets a fly or gadfly, the horse instinctively odergivala, driving unwanted rider. Particularly developed sense of touch in the area on the head around the lips. Here the horses are usually quite long hair. Most of the horses love it when their checkout under the face or around the nose.

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