The shape of the backs of horses
|Heaven on earth — the horse on the back (of the ancient Arab wisdom). Photo from photosight.ru. Author of the photo: Nastenok|
It is no secret that neither the horse comfortable to ride. To contribute, or, conversely, counteract innate properties of the horse, passed down from generation to generation in the genes of the animal (which can be the exterior characteristic of the breed), or acquired property during the life of the animal, for example, due to the nature of the previous work horse.
Take a look at the picture on the right. Here are the three main forms of back: straight, carps and saddle-like soft.
|The shape of the backs of horses|
Straight backs of horses are divided into straight horizontal and inclined direct. Video horizontal spin is relatively rare. Usually this line is inclined from the croup to the withers (that is, when the hind legs longer than the front), forming an angle of 5-10°. Video horizontal or inclined back most desirable when operating the horse, as this form of back and waist to the greatest extent, ensures the transmission power of the hind limbs forward. This is especially important when riding horses on the fast gaits: canter and fast trot.
Soft saddle-like (hollow) back
Soft saddle-like back may be the consequence of the weakening of the body under the influence of undernutrition in adolescence and insufficient development of the muscles and ligaments. But the soft back can be from animals raised in good conditions of feeding and maintenance and is well trained. In this case, the reason for saddle-like back is the excessive length of the back and waist. Well, here I wanted the spine to grow more than you have to! The old horses sway increases due to the General weakening of the body.
From underfed, neatening horses back and loins do not develop at length in connection with the weak development of the spine and acquire often carps form.
Should be distinguished carps lower back, due to the convex shape of the spine, from the so-called “well-made” waist, which also has a slightly convex form and is the result of a powerful muscle development.
It is desirable that the upper line of the waist imperceptibly merged with the croup. This occurs during the short, muscular loin and well muscled, strong rump.
Deviations from the straight-shaped back and lumbar in the direction of convexity or concavity violate the correct coordination of the front and back of a horse. Particularly bad in this case, the saddle-like soft back.
The most rigorous approach in the evaluation of the shape of the back needs to be applied to the riding horse breeds. Sagging back leads to overload of the ligaments and loosening of the spine that is most affected when using the horse under a pack or under a heavy rider. At the same time it should be noted that horses with sway backs often have a smooth, neraska gaits and are quite suitable for riding short distances, unless, of course, not to drive too fast. But these horses soon get tired, and fast gaits have the wrong movement, very tiring for the rider.
The appearance of sagging of the back contributes to its excessive prolixity, as well as a short shoulder and a long loin. Sway in this structure the top line appears more likely than a weaker and less developed muscles and ligaments of the back and waist. High decided neck is undesirable, as it contributes to the sagging of the back. Gentle pererastaet of the Constitution related to the General weakening of the body, in turn, also leads to sagging of the back.
Carps (convex) back
Carps the back and loins are often caused by excessive pressure of gravity from top to bottom. The back, to a certain extent resembles the shape of an arch, are pack animals: mules, donkeys and camels. Young animals not yet used in pack transport, have, as a rule, straight back, after several years of use under bagged back they have a distinctive “carps” form. In this case, the convex form of the back is a kind of adaptation of the animal to the conditions of work. Karpooravalli back and waist leads to a General shortening of the body, which is not always desirable. A horse with carps back has less opportunity for precise power transmission of the rear limbs forward. In addition, these horses torso is less flexible spine became rigid and, as a rule, such horses have a more bouncy gait. The bulge shape is usually manifested both in the back and in the lumbar region. While most of karpooravalli is manifested in the lumbar region. When you meet a horse with a relatively straight back and lower back carps, but it is hard to imagine a horse with a straight line of the waist and carps back. This is because in the lumbar region, have no bearing on the ribs, the spine, the most prone to change the shape of the concavity and convexity. Carps form the back of the horse is often the result of underdevelopment of the body, accompanied by a narrow and flat chest and weak development of muscles.
But what says the book Krasnikova “the exterior of the horse” about the carps back: “by underfeeding, the run-down, neatening animals in connection with the weak development of the spine the back and loins often do not develop in length and become carps form of education which promotes a narrow and flat chest and weak development of muscles.
Sometimes carps back occurs in young horses as the result of overuse, strain it in a harness. Professor I. I. Lacasa reported cases of the convex shape of the back of mules and donkeys when using them under a pack, as a kind of adaptation of the organism to the conditions of work.”
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